The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Gonadectomy prevents endothelial dysfunction in fructose-fed male rats, a factor contributing to the development of hypertension.

Insulin resistance has been shown to be associated with increased blood pressure (BP). The sex hormones estrogen and testosterone have opposing effects in the development of increased BP. Since testosterone has been implicated in increased BP following insulin resistance, we have tried to dissect out the effects of insulin resistance on endothelium-dependent vasorelaxation in the presence and absence of testosterone. Both gonadectomized and sham-operated male Wistar rats fed with a high-fructose diet developed insulin resistance, but BP increased only in the sham-operated rats. Reintroduction of testosterone in vivo restored the increase in BP, thereby abolishing the protective effects of gonadectomy. Fructose feeding did not affect plasma testosterone levels. Insulin resistance induced endothelial dysfunction in the mesenteric arteries of sham-operated rats, which was prevented by gonadectomy, thus suggesting a key role for testosterone in the pathogenesis of secondary vascular complications. Subsequent to blocking the actions of endothelium-dependent hyperpolarizing factor (EDHF), relaxation to acetylcholine (ACh) was lower in sham-operated fructose-fed rats compared with other groups, suggesting the involvement of nitric oxide (NO) in vasorelaxation. Inhibition of NO synthesis nearly abolished the ACh-evoked relaxation in both fructose-fed groups, thus suggesting a testosterone-independent impairment of EDHF-mediated relaxation. The improvement in endothelial function following gonadectomy could be ascribed to a NO component, although plasma nitrite and nitrate levels were unchanged. In summary, testosterone is essential in vivo for the development of endothelial dysfunction and hypertension secondary to insulin resistance, suggesting a facilitatory role for testosterone in increasing BP in fructose-fed male rats.[1]


  1. Gonadectomy prevents endothelial dysfunction in fructose-fed male rats, a factor contributing to the development of hypertension. Vasudevan, H., Nagareddy, P.R., McNeill, J.H. Am. J. Physiol. Heart Circ. Physiol. (2006) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities