The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Mechanistic analysis of experimental food allergen-induced cutaneous reactions.

Individuals with food allergy often present with uritcaria and atopic dermatitis. Indeed, susceptibility to food allergy may predispose to the development of these cutaneous allergic disorders. Recently, we developed a model of food allergy, whereby oral consumption of food [pea Pisum sativum L.; expressing alpha-amylase inhibitor-1 (alphaAI) from the common bean Phaseolus vulgaris L. cv Tendergreen (pea-alphaAI)] promotes a T helper cell type 2 ( Th2) inflammatory response and predisposes to cutaneous allergic reactions following subsequent food allergen (alphaAI) exposure. To delineate the kinetics of food allergen-induced cutaneous reactions and examine the inflammatory mechanisms involved in this allergic reaction, we used interleukin (IL)-13-, IL-4 receptor alpha-, and eotaxin-1-deficient mice and performed serum transfer and CD4+ T cell depletion studies. We demonstrate that consumption of pea-alphaAI promotes an alphaAI-specific immunoglobulin G1 (IgG1) and IgE antibody response. Furthermore, we show that subsequent food allergen (alphaAI) challenge in the skin induced an early (3 h)- and late-phase (24 h) cutaneous allergic reaction. The early-phase response was associated with mast cell degranulation and the presence of Ig, whereas the late-phase response was characterized by a lymphoid and eosinophilic infiltrate, which was critically regulated by CD4+ T cells, IL-13, and eotaxin-1. Collectively, these studies demonstrate that food allergy can predispose to cutaneous inflammatory reactions, and these processes are critically regulated by Th2 immune factors.[1]


  1. Mechanistic analysis of experimental food allergen-induced cutaneous reactions. Prescott, V.E., Forbes, E., Foster, P.S., Matthaei, K., Hogan, S.P. J. Leukoc. Biol. (2006) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities