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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Protective effects of the citrus flavanones to PC12 cells against cytotoxicity induced by hydrogen peroxide.

Oxidative stress has been considered as a major cause of cellular injuries in a variety of clinical abnormalities. One of the plausible ways to prevent the reactive oxygen species (ROS)-mediated cellular injury is dietary or pharmaceutical augmentation of endogenous antioxidant defense capacity. In this study, we investigated the protective actions of citrus flavanones naringin and nobiletin against the cytotoxicity induced by exposure to hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) (150μM, 3h) in PC12 cells. The results showed that naringin and nobiletin inhibited the decrease of cell viability (MTT reduction), prevented membrane damage (LDH release), scavenged ROS formation, reduced caspase-3 activity, and attenuated the decrease of mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP), respectively, in H(2)O(2)-induced PC12 cells. Meanwhile, naringin and nobiletin increased superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione (GSH) activity, while decreased malondialdehyde (MDA), the production of lipid peroxidation, in H(2)O(2)-induced PC12 cells. In addition, the percentage of cells undergoing H(2)O(2)-induced apoptosis was decreased in the presence of naringin and nobiletin. These results first demonstrate that naringin and nobiletin, even at physiological concentrations, have neuroprotective effects against H(2)O(2)-induced cytotoxicity in PC12 cells. All the above results suggest that these dietary antioxidants are potential candidates for use in the intervention for neurodegenerative diseases.[1]


  1. Protective effects of the citrus flavanones to PC12 cells against cytotoxicity induced by hydrogen peroxide. Lu, Y.H., Su, M.Y., Huang, H.Y., Lin-Li, N., Yuan, C.G. Neurosci. Lett. (2010) [Pubmed]
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