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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

DNA sequence of folate biosynthesis gene sulD, encoding hydroxymethyldihydropterin pyrophosphokinase in Streptococcus pneumoniae, and characterization of the enzyme.

A cloned segment of the chromosome of Streptococcus pneumoniae, in which mutations to sulfonamide resistance occur, contains several genes encoding enzymes for folate biosynthesis. Determination of the DNA sequence of parts of this segment and identification of a putative promoter and terminator of transcription indicate an operon composed of four genes. The first, sulA, encodes the enzyme dihydropteroate synthase. The functions of the second and third possible genes, sulB and sulC, are not known. The last gene, sulD, encodes a 6-hydroxymethyl-7,8-dihydropterin pyrophosphokinase. The product of this enzyme is the substrate for dihydropteroate synthetase. The enzyme protein was partially purified and shown to consist of a single subunit of 31 kilodaltons, encoded by sulD. On the basis of gel filtration behavior, the native protein appears to be a trimer or tetramer. Subcloning of the sulD gene in an Escherichia coli expression vector increased expression of the pyrophosphokinase 1,000-fold over the level produced by a single copy of the chromosomal gene.[1]


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