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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Hepatic microsomal cytochrome P450 system during experimental hookworm infection.

Experimental infection of golden hamsters with the hookworm, Ancylostoma ceylanicum, caused a profound decline in the hepatic microsomal cytochrome P450 content. Concomitant decrease was also noticed in aminopyrine N-demethylase and benzo[a]pyrene hydroxylase activities. However, aniline hydroxylase activity was only marginally elevated during the infection. Microsomal markers, viz., cytochrome b5, NADH-cytochrome-c reductase, and glucose-6-phosphatase, were not significantly altered. Hepatic tissue exhibited an accumulation of lipids, especially phospholipids, triglycerides, and cholesterol, resulting in fatty necrosis around the central vein region. Isolated hepatic microsomes showed a decrease in phosphatidylcholine content. Impairment in hepatic mixed function oxidase (MFO) activities was further confirmed by prolongation in hexobarbital sleeping time and zoxazolamine-induced paralysis. The hepatic MFO system of A. ceylanicum-infected hamsters responded qualitatively and quantitatively in a manner similar to that of control hamsters, upon stimulation with selective chemical inducers like phenobarbitone and 3-methylcholanthrene. Kinetic and in vitro substrate binding studies revealed that for aminopyrine the substrate affinity and the maximum enzyme activity (Vmax) were decreased, while for aniline the binding affinity was decreased and the binding capacity was enhanced. Results indicate specific/selective impairment of the hepatic microsomal cytochrome P450 system during hookworm infection and may have many practical implications in toxicology and pharmacology.[1]


  1. Hepatic microsomal cytochrome P450 system during experimental hookworm infection. Tekwani, B.L., Tripathi, L.M., Mukerjee, S., Gupta, S., Pandey, V.C., Katiyar, J.C., Ghatak, S., Shukla, O.P. Exp. Mol. Pathol. (1990) [Pubmed]
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