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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Transport, metabolism, and effect of chronic feeding of lagodeoxycholic acid. A new, natural bile acid.

Ursodeoxycholic acid, the 7 beta-hydroxy epimer of chenodeoxycholic acid, is more hydrophilic and less hepatotoxic than chenodeoxycholic acid. Because "lagodeoxycholic acid," the 12 beta-hydroxy epimer of deoxycholic acid, is also more hydrophilic than deoxycholic acid, it was hypothesized that it should also be less hepatotoxic than deoxycholic acid. To test this, lagodeoxycholic acid was synthesized, and its transport and metabolism were examined in the rat, rabbit, and hamster. The taurine conjugate of lagodeoxycholic acid was moderately well transported by the perfused rat ileum (Tmax = 2 mumol/ In rats and hamsters with biliary fistulas, the taurine conjugate of lagodeoxycholic acid was well transported by the liver with a Tmax greater than 20 mumol/; for the taurine conjugate of deoxycholic acid, doses infused at a rate greater than 2.5 mumol/ are known to cause cholestasis and death. Hepatic biotransformation of lagodeoxycholic acid in the rabbit was limited to conjugation with glycine; in the hamster, lagodeoxycholic acid was conjugated with glycine or taurine; in addition, 7-hydroxylation occurred to a slight extent (approximately 10%). When lagodeoxycholic acid was instilled in the rabbit colon, it was absorbed as such although within hours it was progressively epimerized by bacteria to deoxycholic acid. When injected intravenously and allowed to circulate enterohepatically, lagodeoxycholic acid was largely epimerized to deoxycholic acid in 24 hours. Surgical creation of a distal ileostomy abolished epimerization in the rabbit, indicating that exposure to colonic bacterial enzymes was required for the epimerization. Lagodeoxycholic acid was administered for 3 weeks at a dose of 180 mumol/day (0.1% by weight of a chow diet; 2-4 times the endogenous bile acid synthesis rate); other groups received identical doses of deoxycholic acid (hamster) or cholyltaurine, a known precursor of deoxycholic acid (rabbit). After 3 weeks of lagodeoxycholic acid ingestion, liver test results and liver appearance were normal. The total bile acid pool expanded by 37% in the rabbit, lagodeoxycholic acid composing 10% of biliary bile acids. In the hamster, the total bile acid pool was expanded by 95%, lagodeoxycholic acid composing 22% of biliary bile acids; biliary lipid secretion remained unchanged. Tracer studies indicated that the fractional turnover rate of lagodeoxycholic acid was high (157%/day, rabbit; 116%/day, hamster) because of its rapid epimerization to deoxycholic acid in the colon. These studies indicate that lagodeoxycholic acid, the more hydrophilic epimer of deoxycholic acid, is transported and metabolized as other dihydroxy bile acids but is much less toxic than deoxycholic acid.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)[1]


  1. Transport, metabolism, and effect of chronic feeding of lagodeoxycholic acid. A new, natural bile acid. Schmassmann, A., Angellotti, M.A., Clerici, C., Hofmann, A.F., Ton-Nu, H.T., Schteingart, C.D., Marcus, S.N., Hagey, L.R., Rossi, S.S., Aigner, A. Gastroenterology (1990) [Pubmed]
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