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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Possible involvement of inhibin in altered follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) secretion during dissociated luteinizing hormone (LH) and FSH release: unilateral castration and experimental cryptorchidism.

Male rats were either unilaterally or bilaterally castrated, or were rendered cryptorchid when they were either 15 or 45 days old. Subsequently, blood was sampled over the next several weeks and plasma luteinizing hormone (LH), follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), testosterone (T), and immunoreactive inhibin-alpha (irI alpha) levels were measured by specific radioimmunoassays (RIAs). At the end of the experiment, gonadal expression of inhibin-alpha, inhibin-beta A, and inhibin-beta B subunits was measured by S1 nuclease analysis and in situ hybridization. In both age groups, bilateral castration (BC) produced the expected marked (p less than or equal to 0.01) increases in plasma LH and FSH levels, and concomitant decreases in T and irI alpha secretion within 1 - 2 days after surgery. In 15-day-old animals, unilateral castration (UC) significantly increased FSH and decreased circulating levels of irI alpha, but did not measurably alter LH or androgen production. At 7 days after surgery, the level of inhibin mRNA in the remaining testis was unchanged. In 45-day-old animals, UC caused a measurable increase in FSH, with little or no changes in the circulating levels of irI alpha. Plasma T levels were lowered (p less than or equal to 0.05) by UC; however, there were no statistical changes in LH levels in these UC rats. Finally, T administration markedly reversed UC-induced increase in FSH secretion in both age groups. Androgen therapy also interfered with inhibin release in 45-day-old, but not in 15-day-old rats. In rats 15 days old at the time of surgery, cryptorchidism produced a small but measurable increase (p less than or equal to 0.05) in LH release at Week 6 only, which was accompanied by a significant (p less than or equal to 0.01) decline in T secretion. Plasma FSH levels were elevated at all times in cryptorchid rats, and at 2, 4, and 6 wk, these levels were not statistically distinguishable (p greater than 0.05) from those of castrated animals. In this group of rats, cryptorchidism caused a transient increase (p less than or equal to 0.05) in irI alpha values 1 wk after surgery, but no changes at later times. Finally, measurement of testicular inhibin-alpha subunit messenger RNA (mRNA) levels showed an approximately 2-fold increase compared to total RNA levels in the testis. However, because of the significant decrease in total RNA levels per testis caused by cryptorchidism, the absolute change in inhibin-alpha subunit mRNA levels per testis corresponded to an approximately 3-fold decrease.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)[1]


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