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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Aldose reductase from human psoas muscle. Purification, substrate specificity, immunological characterization, and effect of drugs and inhibitors.

Aldose reductase (ALR2) has been purified to homogeneity from human psoas muscle. From sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide electrophoresis the enzyme is monomeric and has a molecular weight of 37,000. ALR2 catalyzes the primarily NADPH-dependent reduction of a wide variety of aldehydes, although the enzyme can also utilize NADH. The best substrates for ALR2 are aromatic aldehydes (e.g. pyridine-3-aldehyde; Km = 9 microM; kcat/Km = 150,000 s-1 M-1), while among aldoses DL-glyceraldehyde is the preferred substrate (Km = 72 microM; kcat/Km = 17,250). Low (100 microM) concentrations of CaCl2 and CaSO4 cause a marked inhibition (90%) of ALR2 as do higher concentrations (0.2 M) of MgCl2. (NH4)2SO4 caused a 2-fold activation of ALR2. The enzyme is also inhibited by quercetin and the commercially developed aldose reductase inhibitors alrestatin and sorbinil. ALR2 is inhibited only very slightly by sodium valproate and barbiturates. ALR2 cross-reacts immunologically with human brain and human placental aldose reductase and with ALR2 from monkey tissue. There is no precipitin cross-reaction of ALR2 with aldose reductases from other species nor with human aldehyde reductase 1 (ALR1) or with ALR1 from other species. The data show that human muscle is a new and relatively rich source of a monomeric NADPH/NADH reductase which is clearly identifiable as aldose reductase.[1]


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