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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Isolation and molecular cloning of mast cell carboxypeptidase A. A novel member of the carboxypeptidase gene family.

Mast cell carboxypeptidase A has been isolated from the secretory granules of mouse peritoneal connective tissue mast cells (CTMC) and from a mouse Kirsten sarcoma virus-immortalized mast cell line (KiSV-MC), and a cDNA that encodes this exopeptidase has been cloned from a KiSV-MC-derived cDNA library. KiSV-MC-derived mast cell carboxypeptidase A was purified with a potato-derived carboxypeptidase-inhibitor affinity column and was found by analytical sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis to be a Mr 36,000 protein. Secretory granule proteins from KiSV-MC and from mouse peritoneal CTMC were then resolved by preparative sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and transblotted to polyvinylidine difluoride membranes. Identical aminoterminal amino acid sequences were obtained for the prominent Mr 36,000 protein present in the granules of both cell types. Based on the amino-terminal sequence, an oligonucleotide probe was synthesized and used to isolate a 1,470-base pair cDNA that encodes this mouse exopeptidase. The deduced amino acid sequence revealed that, after cleavage of a 15-amino acid hydrophobic signal peptide and a 94-amino acid activation peptide from a 417-amino acid preproenzyme, the mature mast cell carboxypeptidase A protein core has a predicted Mr of 35,780 and a high positive charge [Lys + Arg) - (Asp + Glu) = 17) at neutral pH. Although critical zinc-binding amino acids (His67, Glu70, His195), substrate-binding amino acids (Arg69, Asn142, Arg143, Tyr197, Asp255, Phe278), and cysteine residues that participate in intrachain disulfide bonds (Cys64-Cys77, Cys136-Cys159) of pancreatic carboxypeptidases were also present in mast cell carboxypeptidase A, the overall amino acid sequence identities for mouse mast cell carboxypeptidase A relative to rat pancreatic carboxypeptidases A1, A2, and B were only 43, 41, and 53%, respectively. RNA and DNA blot analyses revealed that mouse peritoneal CTMC, KiSV-MC, and bone marrow-derived mast cells all express a prominent 1.5-kilobase mast cell carboxypeptidase A mRNA which is transcribed from a single gene. We conclude that mouse mast cell carboxypeptidase A is a prominent secretory granule enzyme of mast cells of the CTMC subclass and represents a novel addition to the carboxypeptidase gene family.[1]


  1. Isolation and molecular cloning of mast cell carboxypeptidase A. A novel member of the carboxypeptidase gene family. Reynolds, D.S., Stevens, R.L., Gurley, D.S., Lane, W.S., Austen, K.F., Serafin, W.E. J. Biol. Chem. (1989) [Pubmed]
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