The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Lectin histochemistry of human gliomas.

Formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded specimens of 24 human gliomas were examined histochemically with five lectins; concanavalin A (Con A), wheat germ agglutinin (WGA), Ricinus communis agglutinin 1 ( RCA-1), peanut agglutinin (PNA), and Ulex europaeus agglutinin 1 (UEA-1). Although the staining intensity with lectins was variable, tumor cells in five astrocytomas, three oligodendrogliomas, six ependymomas, and one gliosarcoma, were generally positive for Con A, WGA, and RCA-1, and negative for PNA and UEA-1, whereas those in nine glioblastomas were usually positive for Con A and WGA and negative for RCA-1 and PNA as well as UEA-1. The malignancy in neoplastic astrocytes was correlated with the decrease in binding with lectins, especially RCA-1. Blood vessels, particularly the endothelial layers, in all gliomas were stained intensely with all lectins used. Macrophages showed two staining features with lectins; stippled and granular. The former macrophages were positive for Con A, WGA, RCA-1, and PNA, and negative for UEA-1, whereas the latter macrophages were positive for all lectins used. Thus, the staining characteristics with lectins of macrophages were different from those of any glioma cells and very useful for identification of macrophages in gliomas.[1]


  1. Lectin histochemistry of human gliomas. Wang, X.C., Kochi, N., Tani, E., Kaba, K., Matsumoto, T., Shindo, H. Acta Neuropathol. (1989) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities