The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Pseudomonas mevalonii 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA reductase. Characterization and chemical modification.

Pseudomonas mevalonii (formerly designated Pseudomonas sp. M (Beach, M. J., and Rodwell, V. W. (1989) J. Bacteriol. 171, 2994-3001; Gill, J. F., Jr., Beach, M.J., and Rodwell, V. W. (1985) J. Biol. Chem. 260, 9393-9398] 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase (EC, overexpressed in Escherichia coli (1), has been purified to electrophoretic homogeneity in 75% yield (final specific activity 48 mumols of NAD+ reduced per min/mg protein). The enzyme catalyzes its normal catabolic reaction (mevalonate + 2 NAD+ + CoASH----HMG-CoA + 2NADH + 2H+), and two half-reactions which involve mevaldehyde, the postulated intermediate in the aforementioned reactions and mevaldehyde + NADH + H+----mevalonate + NAD+). The rates of all four reactions and the Michaelis constants for all substrates were measured. Coenzyme A decreased the KM for mevaldehyde reduction 12-fold and stimulated VMAX 2-3 fold. CoASH thus may remain bound throughout the catalytic cycle. Dithiothreitol and analogs of CoASH were tested for their ability to reproduce the CoASH stimulation. Pantetheine, but not dithiothreitol, pantothenate, or desulfo-CoA mimicked CoASH stimulation. Titration with 5,5'-dithiobis(2-nitrobenzoic acid) indicated two sulfhydryl groups per subunit. Both groups remained accessible to 5,5'-dithiobis(2-nitrobenzoic acid) in the presence of mevalonate and/or NAD+ but only one group in the presence of HMG-CoA. N-Ethylmaleimide inhibited all the aforementioned reactions. HMG-CoA, but not mevalonate, afforded protection completely and irreversibly inactivated the enzyme. The reactive sulfhydryl group thus may not be a catalytic residue, but may be involved in a conformational change.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities