The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Leukotriene formation by human polymorphonuclear leukocytes from endogenous arachidonate. Physiological triggers and modulation by prostanoids.

Human polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMN) were isolated from freshly drawn venous blood by Dextran sedimentation and discontinuous Percoll gradient centrifugation. The effects of several putative triggers of the leukotriene formation such as C5a, PAF, FMLP, C3a, PMA, LTC4, LTD4, LTB4 or arachidonate were studied by RP-HPLC analysis. 280 nM C5a, 100 nM FMLP, 1 microM PAF or 20 microM arachidonate induced a marginal formation of 1.5-18 ng of LTB4 plus LTB4 metabolites/2 x 10(7) PMN. 560 nM C3a, 100 nM PMA, 1 microM LTC4, 1 microM LTD4 and 1 microM LTB4 each failed to induce any formation of 5-lipoxygenase products. Pretreatment of the cells with 40 microM ethylmercurithiosalicylate (merthiolate) enhanced the leukotriene formation by 100 nM FMLP about 40-fold, by 280 nM C3a about 120-fold and by 1 microM PAF about 14-fold. Merthiolate itself induced no leukotriene formation from human PMN and reduced the leukotriene formation by 20 microM arachidonate. The FMLP/merthiolate-induced activation of the PMN was concentration-dependent in respect to both FMLP and merthiolate. 1 microM LTC4, 1 microM LTD4 or 1 microM LTB4 also failed to trigger any LTB4 formation of merthiolate-treated PMN. 560 nM C3a or 100 nM PMA in combination with 40 microM merthiolate induced a slight formation of 28 ng and 10 ng of LTB4 plus LTB4 metabolites, respectively. The FMLP/merthiolate-induced leukotriene formation was modulated by prostanoids. PGE2, PGE1, PGD2 and 6-keto-PGE1 each evoked a concentration-dependent inhibition of the leukotriene formation with IC50 values of 0.07 microM, 0.18 microM, 0.27 microM and 6 microM respectively. In addition, significant inhibitory effects by PGI2, Iloprost (a carbacyclin analogue of prostacyclin), PGF2a or 6-keto-PGF1a were achieved; the corresponding IC50 values, however, amounted to 19-59 microM. Thus these compounds were about 500-fold less potent in comparison with PGE2 in inhibiting LTB4 formation by human PMN.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities