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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Isolation, purification, and amino acid composition of the tunicate hemocyte Thy-1 homolog.

A serologic cross-reacting homolog to rodent Thy-1 glycoproteins has been isolated from hemocyte cell surfaces of the advanced invertebrate group of tunicates. The Thy-1.1 cross-reacting antigenic activity was followed during purification by inhibiting the binding of MRC OX7 monoclonal antibody to pure rat brain Thy-1 in a soluble phase radioimmunoassay. After solubilization in deoxycholate, tunicate hemocyte Thy-1.1 antigenic activity was purified by affinity chromatography using an MRC OX7 monoclonal antibody affinity column, followed by gel filtration. A 602-fold enrichment in the Thy-1.1 antigenic activity, with a yield of 55.6% compared to the starting crude membrane fraction, was obtained. The antigenic activity was associated with a single glycoprotein of molecular size of 3.1 nm and molecular weight estimated at 27,000 by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (15% gels). Amino acid composition of the purified molecule was compared by the S delta Q index of differences in composition to mammalian and non-mammalian Thy-1 glycoproteins, Ig, major histocompatibility complex-encoded polypeptides, beta 2-microglobulin, and other recognition molecules. With this parameter, the tunicate hemocyte Thy-1 homology revealed significant relatedness to avian and mammalian Thy-1 molecules and was interestingly more related to mu chains of primitive vertebrates and to HLA class I and II encoded polypeptides than to Thy-1 molecules of higher vertebrates. Based upon these observations, the tunicate hemocyte Thy-1 homolog seems to represent an ancestral Thy-1 molecule which, in structural terms, may represent an invertebrate member of the Ig superfamily.[1]


  1. Isolation, purification, and amino acid composition of the tunicate hemocyte Thy-1 homolog. Mansour, M.H., DeLange, R., Cooper, E.L. J. Biol. Chem. (1985) [Pubmed]
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