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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Regulation of acetyl-CoA:1-alkyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine O2-acetyltransferase (lyso-PAF-acetyltransferase) in exocrine glands. Evidence for an activation via phosphorylation by calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase.

Stimulation of secretion in guinea pig exocrine cells is associated with an enhanced synthesis in these cells of 1-O-alkyl-2-sn-acetyl-glycero-3-phosphocholines (PAF) from 1-O-alkyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (lyso-PAF) (Söling, H-D., and Fest, W. (1986) J. Biol. Chem. 261, 13916-13922). This results from a stimulation of the activity of lyso-1-alkylglycerophosphocholine acetyltransferase (EC Here we have analyzed the effects of various agonists on the activity of this enzyme in guinea pig parotid gland microsomes. Carbamoylcholine leads within less than 30 s to a 2- to 4-fold activation of lyso-PAF-acetyltransferase, which persists after solubilization of the microsomal enzyme with octyl glucoside. The calcium ionophore A23187 has a similar though smaller effect. Neither isoproterenol (2 X 10(-5) M), which stimulates exocytosis more than carbachol, nor phorbol ester significantly affected lyso-PAF-acetyltransferase activity. Incubation of microsomes from unstimulated parotid gland acini with cAMP-dependent and calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase resulted in a 4-fold and 2.9-fold activation of lyso-PAF-acetyltransferase activity, respectively. Protein kinase C had no significant effect. Activation with calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase was inhibited by 40 microM trifluoperazine. When microsomes from carbachol-stimulated glands were used, in vitro activation of the enzyme by calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase was almost abolished. Protein phosphatase 2A in vitro strongly reduced lyso-PAF-acetyltransferase activity in microsomes from both stimulated and unstimulated glands, whereas alkaline phosphatase and protein phosphatase 1 had only small effects. Following treatment with protein phosphatase 2A, enzyme activity in microsomes from stimulated glands could be enhanced more than 8-fold by subsequent incubation with calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase. Although unsuccessful attempts have made it impossible so far to demonstrate directly the incorporation of phosphate into lyso-PAF-acetyltransferase, the results reported here strongly suggest that the enzyme in exocrine cells is regulated by phosphorylation-dephosphorylation and that a calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase is responsible for the activation of the enzyme and type-2 protein phosphatases for its inactivation.[1]


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