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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

12(R)-hydroxyeicosatrienoic acid: a vasodilator cytochrome P-450-dependent arachidonate metabolite from the bovine corneal epithelium.

When corneal microsomes were incubated with arachidonic acid in the presence of an NADPH-generating system, two biologically active metabolites of arachidonic acid were formed. The structure of one of the metabolites, compound C, was previously reported to be 12(R)-hydroxy-5,8,10,14-eicosatetraenoic acid and was found to be a potent inhibitor of the Na+/K+-ATPase in the cornea. The second metabolite, compound D, was found to be a potent vasodilator as well as having the property of stimulating protein influx into the aqueous humor of the eye. Following purification of compound D by thin layer chromatography and high pressure liquid chromatography, it was found to lack a UV chromophore in contrast to the previously reported cytochrome P-450-dependent metabolite. Mass spectrometric analysis using positive and negative ionization modes was carried out on derivatized compound D that had been synthesized from a mixture of labeled [( 5,6,8,9,11,12,14,15-2H8]) and unlabeled arachidonic acid incubated with corneal microsomes. The novel arachidonate metabolite had abundant fragment ions consistent with compound D being a monooxygenated derivative of arachidonic acid with a hydroxyl substituent at carbon 12 of the eicosanoid backbone; only seven deuterium atoms from [2H8]arachidonate were retained in the structure. Oxidative ozonolysis yielded a product indicating that the double bonds in metabolite D resided between carbons at positions 8 and 9 and positions 14 and 15 of the 20-carbon chain. Compound D was therefore characterized as 12-hydroxy-5,8,14-eicosatrienoic acid. Model compounds were synthesized from dimethyl malate with the hydroxy at the 12 position with both the R and S absolute configuration and with all double bonds of the cis configuration. Only the 12(R) isomer was found to be a potent vasodilator and to increase aqueous humor protein concentration, suggesting that the biologically active compound D was 12(R)-hydroxy-5,8,14-(Z,Z,Z)-eicosatrienoic acid. As this compound possesses proinflammatory properties, it may play a role in the wound-healing processes of corneal injury.[1]


  1. 12(R)-hydroxyeicosatrienoic acid: a vasodilator cytochrome P-450-dependent arachidonate metabolite from the bovine corneal epithelium. Murphy, R.C., Falck, J.R., Lumin, S., Yadagiri, P., Zirrolli, J.A., Balazy, M., Masferrer, J.L., Abraham, N.G., Schwartzman, M.L. J. Biol. Chem. (1988) [Pubmed]
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