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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Effects of 5-hydroxytryptamine agonists and antagonists on the responses of rat spinal motoneurones to raphe obscurus stimulation.

1. The excitability of lumbar spinal motoneurones was studied in halothane-anaesthetized rats by recording with microelectrodes the amplitude of the population spike evoked antidromically by stimulation of the cut ventral roots. 2. Electrical stimulation of the nucleus raphe obscurus for 1 min at 20 Hz increased the population spike amplitude and, as shown by intracellular recording, depolarized motoneurones. This response could be mimicked by microinjection of DL-homocysteic acid into raphe obscurus but the response was not present in animals pretreated with the 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) neurotoxin 5,7-dihydroxytryptamine (5,7-DHT). 3. Microiontophoretically applied 5-HT had very similar effects on the extracellularly recorded population spike to those caused by stimulation of the raphe obscurus. These responses to 5-HT were larger in 5,7-DHT-pretreated animals. 4. The effects of 5-HT were potently mimicked by iontophoretically applied 5-carboxamidotryptamine but 8-hydroxy-2-(di-n-propylamino) tetralin (8-OH-DPAT) was without effect. 5. Antagonists were applied by microiontophoresis and also by intravenous injection. Ketanserin, the selective 5-HT2 antagonist, did not antagonize the effects of 5-HT. Neither did the 5-HT3-receptor antagonist MDL 72222 or the selective 5-HT1 binding ligand cyanopindolol. 6. The non-selective 5-HT1/5-HT2-receptor antagonist methysergide was an effective antagonist of both the effects of 5-HT and the response to raphe obscurus stimulation. Methysergide did not reduce the excitatory effects of noradrenaline. 7. It is concluded that 5-HT application and stimulation of raphe obscurus increase the excitability of motoneurones by an action on a 5-HT1-like receptor which appears to be different from the 5-HT1A-and the 5-HT1B-binding sites characterized by others.[1]


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