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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The lectin-like interaction between recombinant tumor necrosis factor and uromodulin.

The polypeptide of uromodulin, an immunosuppressive glycoprotein isolated from human urine, has been shown to be identical to that of Tamm-Horsfall glycoprotein and is synthesized exclusively in the kidney (Hession, C., Decker, J. M., Sherblom, A. P., Kumar, S. (1987) Science 237, 1479-1484). Uromodulin binds recombinant murine interleukin 1 alpha with high affinity, and this binding can be inhibited by addition of specific saccharides (Muchmore, A. V., and Decker, J. M. (1987) J. Immunol. 138, 2541-2546). We now report that uromodulin binds recombinant human tumor necrosis factor (rTNF) with high affinity. Both diacetylchitobiose and Man(alpha 1-6)(Man(alpha 1-3]-Man-O-ethyl are effective inhibitors of the binding, whereas a wide variety of other saccharides are not inhibitory. Although Tamm-Horsfall glycoprotein contains predominantly tetraantennary N-linked chains, the binding to rTNF is unaffected by removal of terminal sialic acid, galactose, and N-acetylhexosamine residues. Fractionation of a Pronase digest of uromodulin by gel filtration yields material that inhibits the binding of uromodulin to rTNF but is of lower molecular weight than the major oligosaccharide. Uromodulin does not inhibit the cytotoxic activity of rTNF as monitored by lysis of tumor cell targets but effectively protects mice from lethal challenge with lipopolysaccharide, an event that may involve lymphokine toxicity. We have previously shown that rTNF binds to sections of human kidney and is localized in the same region as uromodulin. Thus, rTNF interacts with uromodulin via carbohydrate chains that are less processed than the major tetraantennary chain, and this interaction may be critical in promoting clearance and/or reducing toxicity of TNF and other lymphokines.[1]


  1. The lectin-like interaction between recombinant tumor necrosis factor and uromodulin. Sherblom, A.P., Decker, J.M., Muchmore, A.V. J. Biol. Chem. (1988) [Pubmed]
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