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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Induction of a novel Ca2+-dependent chymotrypsin-like serine protease by tumor promoters in rat livers.

Induction of a microsomal Ca2+-dependent serine protease by hepatic tumor promoters was studied. Male F344 rats were fed a diet containing one of the following promoting agents: phenobarbital (CAS: 50-06-6), dichlorophenyltrichloroethane (CAS: 50-29-3), butylated hydroxytoluene, ethyl-alpha-chlorophenoxyisobutyrate (CAS: 128-95-0), or 17-alpha-ethynylestradiol (CAS: 57-63-6) or a nonpromoting agent, diphenylhydantoin (CAS: 57-41-0), for 1 week. By treatment with promoters, the protease activity in the microsomal fraction was increased to threefold to fivefold that of control, whereas only a slight increase of activity was found after diphenylhydantoin treatment. The Ca2+-dependent protease activity was determined with the use of N-benzoyl-L-tyrosine ethyl ester as the substrate in a medium containing 50 mM CaCl2 for its maximal activity. This protease was preferentially localized in the smooth microsomal membrane and strongly inhibited by diisopropyl phosphorofluoridate (CAS: 55-91-4), and the optimum pH of the activity was 7. 8. It appears that the Ca2+-dependent serine protease measured by using a chymotrypsin substrate is a novel protease, and induction of its activity by hepatic tumor-promoting agents is a common and specific phenomenon.[1]


  1. Induction of a novel Ca2+-dependent chymotrypsin-like serine protease by tumor promoters in rat livers. Kaneko, A., Enomoto, K., Oyamada, M., Sawada, N., Dempo, K., Mori, M. J. Natl. Cancer Inst. (1986) [Pubmed]
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