The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Surface glycoproteins of human spermatozoa.

The surface membrane glycoprotein composition of human spermatozoa has been studied by introducing radioactive label into galactosyl (Gal) and N-acetylgalactosaminyl (GalNAc) residues by using the galactose oxidase/NaB3H4 method. Triton X-100 extracts and Triton X-100-resistant cytoskeletal residues were subjected to analysis by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The distribution of the radiolabel in sperm cells was studied by light-microscopic auto-radiography. The grains were evenly distributed on the cells by the labelling methods used. The Triton X-100 treatment did not affect sperm morphology at the light-microscopic level, but in transmission electron microscopy the plasma membrane covering the acrosome was removed totally, together with most of the acrosomal membranes and acrosomal contents. Plasma membrane residues were, however, always found in the postacrosomal region. Borohydride alone without oxidative pretreatment labelled two polypeptides of molecular weights (Mr) 48,000 and 43,000 in the Triton X-100-soluble fraction. When the Gal/GalNAc residues were labelled by galactose oxidase pretreatment 120,000, 105,000, 78,000 and 68,000 Mr glycoproteins were revealed. When additional neuraminidase treatment was used to remove terminal sialic acid residues, the total labelling intensity was increased two- to fivefold and additional 36,000 and 20,000 Mr glycoproteins were revealed. The Triton X-100-resistant cytoskeletal residue contained 53-75% of the total radioactivity bound in sperm cells. When these components were analysed by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, all the major bands found in the Triton X-100-soluble fraction were detected and also some radioactivity was incorporated into the major bands visualized by protein staining. In the present study we describe several human sperm glycoproteins, which seem to be distributed evenly on the sperm cells. Detergent extraction, producing cytoskeletal models, appeared to leave most of the glycoproteins detectable in the extraction residues also with the apparent enrichment of a single 68,000 Mr glycoprotein.[1]


  1. Surface glycoproteins of human spermatozoa. Kallajoki, M., Virtanen, I., Suominen, J. J. Cell. Sci. (1986) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities