The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

High incidences of pheochromocytomas after long-term administration of retinol acetate to F344/DuCrj rats.

The carcinogenicity of retinol acetate [(RAC) CAS: 127-47-9], a synthetic derivative of retinol, was tested by continuous oral administration in the drinking water of F344/DuCrj rats for 104 weeks. Groups of 50 male and 50 female rats were given solutions of 0.25 or 0.125% RAC in the form of gelatinized beadlets suspended in distilled water. Control groups consisting of the same numbers of rats were given 0.25% of placebo beadlets. All of the surviving animals were killed at 108 weeks, 4 weeks after the cessation of the RAC treatments. The survival rates were 72-84% and were sufficiently high for statistical comparison of all groups. Inhibition of body weight gain was marked in females of the high-dose group. Higher incidences of malignant pheochromocytomas, benign pheochromocytomas, and hyperplasias of the adrenal medulla were observed in the RAC-treated groups. The combined incidences of tumors of the adrenal medulla in males and females of the high-dose groups and the incidence in females of the low-dose group were significantly higher than the incidence in the controls. Conversely, statistically significant decreases were found in the incidences of the mammary gland tumors in males of the high-dose group, of thyroid tumors in females of the high-dose group, and of clitoral gland tumors in females of both high- and low-dose groups. It was concluded that RAC given orally possesses potential for increasing the incidence of pheochromocytomas in male and female F344 rats in a dose-related manner under the conditions of this bioassay.[1]


  1. High incidences of pheochromocytomas after long-term administration of retinol acetate to F344/DuCrj rats. Kurokawa, Y., Hayashi, Y., Maekawa, A., Takahashi, M., Kukubo, T. J. Natl. Cancer Inst. (1985) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities