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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Inductive effect on hepatic enzymes and toxicity of congeners of PCBs and PCDFs.

The present paper describes a marked induction of liver microsomal cytochrome P-450 and cytosolic DT-diaphorase to cause possible disorder of steroid homeostasis and promotion of carcinogenicity of 4-nitroquinoline N-oxide (4-NQO) in rats by pretreatment with 3,4,5,3',4'-pentachlorobiphenyl (PenCB) or 2,3,4,7,8-pentachlorodibenzofuran (PenCDF). The animals were sacrificed 5 days after the pretreatment. These induction experiments showed that 7 alpha-hydroxylation of both progesterone and testosterone in liver microsomes was selectively increased to a great extent, but hydroxylations at the 2 alpha-, 6 beta- and 16 alpha-positions were depressed, together with 5 alpha-reduction. From the same microsomes, three of the strongly induced P-450 isozymes, i.e., high- and low-spin P-448s and P-452, were purified. The last isozyme was most responsible for 7 alpha-hydroxylation of testosterone. The pretreatment, also increased activity of DT-diaphorase and reduction of 4-NQO about 10-fold in liver 9000g supernatants. This reduction of 4-NQO was solely catalyzed by DT-diaphorase and the only product was 4-hydroxylaminoquinoline N-oxide, a proximate carcinogen, indicating that the pretreatment strongly increased production of a proximate carcinogen from 4-NQO. Such an enhancement of the metabolic activation of 4-NQO by the pretreatment was also observed to some extent in the lung and the skin. Persistency of PenCB and PenCDF in the liver of rats was also discussed.[1]


  1. Inductive effect on hepatic enzymes and toxicity of congeners of PCBs and PCDFs. Yoshimura, H., Yoshihara, S., Koga, N., Nagata, K., Wada, I., Kuroki, J., Hokama, Y. Environ. Health Perspect. (1985) [Pubmed]
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