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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

A unique trypsin-like protease associated with plasma membranes of rat liver.

One way in which serum promotes survival of primary cultured hepatocytes is by inhibiting plasma membrane protease (Nakamura, T., Asami, O., Tanaka, K., and Ichihara, A. (1984) Exp. Cell Res. 155, 81-91). One of these proteases was solubilized from the plasma membranes of rat liver with 4% octyl glucoside and purified to a homogeneous state by affinity chromatography on bovine pancreatic trypsin inhibitor linked to Sepharose 4B. The protease had an apparent Mr = 120,000 by Sephacryl S-200 gel filtration and the Mr of its subunits was 30,000, as determined by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis in the presence of sodium dodecyl sulfate. It appeared to be a glycoprotein. A high concentration of detergent was necessary to keep the protein soluble. The purified enzyme readily hydrolyzed synthetic tripeptide nitroanilides at sites adjacent to Arg or Lys residues, but did not degrade synthetic substrates of chymotrypsin, elastase, or aminopeptidase. It showed endopeptidase activity, hydrolyzing various proteins such as casein, hemoglobin, and denatured albumin. The enzyme was strongly inhibited by diisopropyl fluorophosphate, phenylmethanesulfonyl fluoride, bovine pancreatic trypsin inhibitor, leupeptin, antipain, and alpha 1-antitrypsin, but not by chymostatin, elastatinal, or inhibitors of carboxyl, thiol, or metallo proteases, suggesting that it is a seryl trypsin-like protease. This protease was found in plasma membranes of rat and mouse liver and in small amounts in those of kidney, but not in those of brain, red cells, Ehrlich ascites tumor, or two Morris hepatomas, suggesting that it may be involved in differentiated functions of normal hepatocytes.[1]


  1. A unique trypsin-like protease associated with plasma membranes of rat liver. Tanaka, K., Nakamura, T., Ichihara, A. J. Biol. Chem. (1986) [Pubmed]
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