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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Enzymatic transfer of mannose from mannosyl-phosphoryl-polyprenol to lipid-linked oligosaccharides by pig aorta.

A particulate enzyme preparation prepared from the intimal layer of pig aorta catalyzed the transfer of mannose from mannosyl-phosphoryl-polyprenol (MPP) into a series of oligosaccharides that were linked to lipid. The reaction required detergent with Triton X-100 and NP-40 being best at a concentration of 0.5%. Several other detergents were inactive or only slightly active. The pH optima for this activity was about 7 to 7.5 in Tris buffer and the apparent Km for MPP was about 2 x 10(-7) M. The reaction was not stimulated by the addition of divalent cation and, in fact, was inhibited by the high concentrations of cation. The addition of EDTA did not inhibit the transfer of mannose from MPP and was somewhat stimulatory. The transferase(s) activity was "solubilized" from the particles by treatment with Triton X-100. This solubilized enzyme still formed a series of lipid-linked oligosaccharides from either MPP or GDP-mannose. The oligosaccharides were released from the lipid by mild acid hydrolysis and were separated by paper chromatography. Some five or six radioactive oligosaccharides were formed from either MPP or from GDP-mannose and these oligosaccharides had similar mobilities upon paper chromatography. However, MPP was a better donor for the larger oligosaccharides (i.e. those containing 8, 9, or 10 sugar residues), whereas GDP-mannose was better for formation of the oligosaccharide containing 7 sugar residues. In the presence of EDTA and detergent no MPP was formed from GDP-mannose, but radioactivity was still incorporated into the lipid-linked oligosaccharides. Under these conditions essentially all of the radioactivity was in the oligosaccharide containing 7 sugar residues. Since much of this activity could be released as mannose by acetolysis, GDP-mannose may be the direct mannosyl donor for formation of 1 leads to 6 branches. Oligosaccharides 7, 8, 9, and 10 were isolated and partially characterized in terms of their molecular weights, sugar composition, susceptibility to alpha-mannosidase, and 14C products formed by acetolysis and periodate oxidation. The molecular weights ranged from 1310 for oligosaccharide 7 to 1750 for oligosaccharide 10. Hydrolysis of each oligosaccharide and reduction with NaB3H4 gave the expected ratio of [3H]hexitol to [3H]hexosaminitol based on the molecular weight of the oligosaccharide. However, the hexitol fraction contained [3H]mannitol and [3H]glucitol. Since the amount of radioactivity in glucitol was 2 to 4 times that in mannitol and since only glucosaminitol was found in the amino sugar peak, it seems likely that each 14C-oligosaccharide was contaminated with an unlabeled oligosaccharide of equal molecular weight containing glucose and GlcNAc. Acetolysis of the 14C-oligosaccharides gave rise to 14C peaks of mannose, mannobiose, and mannotriose. In the larger oligosaccharides, most of the radioactivity was in mannobiose whereas in oligosaccharide 7 most of the radioactivity was in mannose...[1]


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