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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Formaldehyde dehydrogenase from Pseudomonas putida. Purification and some properties.

Formaldehyde dehydrogenase was isolated and purified in an overall yield of 12% from cell-free extract of Pseudomonas putida C-83 by chromatographies on columns of DEAE-cellulose, DEAE-Sephadex A-50, and hydroxyapatite. The purified enzyme was homogeneous as judged by disc gel electrophoresis and was most active at pH 7.8 using formaldehyde as a substrate. The enzyme was also active toward acetaldehyde, propionaldehyde, glyoxal, and pyruvaldehyde, though the reaction rates were low. The enzyme was NAD+-linked but did not require the external addition of glutathione, in contrast with the usual formaldehyde dehydrogenase from liver mitochondria, baker's yeast, and some bacteria. The enzyme was markedly inhibited by Ni2+, Pd2+, Hg2+, p-chloromercuribenzoate, and phenylmethanesulfonyl fluoride. The molecular weight of the enzyme was estimated to be 150,000 by the gel filtration method, and analysis by SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis indicated that the enzyme was composed of two subunit monomers. Kinetic analysis gave Km values of 67 microM for formaldehyde and 56 microM for NAD+, and suggested that the reaction proceeds by a "Ping-pong" mechanism. The enzyme catalyzed the oxidation of formaldehyde accompanied by the stoichiometric reduction of NAD+, but no reverse reaction was observed.[1]


  1. Formaldehyde dehydrogenase from Pseudomonas putida. Purification and some properties. Ando, M., Yoshimoto, T., Ogushi, S., Rikitake, K., Shibata, S., Tsuru, D. J. Biochem. (1979) [Pubmed]
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