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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Human preovulatory follicular fluid, luteinized cells of hyperstimulated preovulatory follicles, and corpus luteum contain placental protein 12.

RIA gel filtration, isoelectric focusing; and immunoperoxidase staining were employed to study the occurrence and physicochemical characteristics of placental protein 12 (PP12) in the human ovary, corpus luteum, and preovulatory follicular fluid. Fluid aspirated from 75 follicles from 22 women hyperstimulated for in vitro fertilization contained 6-230 micrograms/liter PP12-like immunoreactive material. The dose-response curves of follicular fluid PP12, amniotic fluid PP12, and purified human placental PP12 were parallel in the PP12 RIA. In gel filtration, follicular fluid PP12 eluted in the same volume as purified PP12. The isoelectric point of follicular fluid PP12 was 4.9 and that of purified placental PP12 4.6-4. 7. A positive correlation was found between follicular fluid estradiol and PP12, progesterone and PP12, and follicular fluid volume and PP12 concentrations. By immunoperoxidase staining, PP12 was not detectable in unstimulated ovarian tissue before ovulation. In hyperstimulated preovulatory follicles biopsied in connection with follicle aspiration, PP12 was found in the granulosa cells which were luteinized (n = 3), whereas in those hyperstimulated follicles (n = 5) with no luteinization, no PP12 was found either. PP12 was seen in all corpora lutea (n = 5) from unstimulated menstrual cycles. These results show that the occurrence of PP12 is not limited to the placenta. The correlation between follicular fluid steroid and PP12 levels and the findings by immunoperoxidase staining suggest that PP12 is related to endocrine phenomena of the ovary, possibly to the luteinization process.[1]

References

  1. Human preovulatory follicular fluid, luteinized cells of hyperstimulated preovulatory follicles, and corpus luteum contain placental protein 12. Seppälä, M., Wahlström, T., Koskimies, A.I., Tenhunen, A., Rutanen, E.M., Koistinen, R., Huhtaniemi, I., Bohn, H., Stenman, U.H. J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. (1984) [Pubmed]
 
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