The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Retinol esterification by microsomes from the mucosa of human small intestine. Evidence for acyl-Coenzyme A retinol acyltransferase activity.

The mechanism of the intestinal esterification of retinol has been obscure. Recently, an acyl-Coenzyme A (CoA):retinol acyltransferase (ARAT) was found in rat intestinal microsomes, and experiments were therefore conducted to determine whether a corresponding enzyme exists in human small intestine. When microsomes were incubated with [3H]retinol and palmitoyl-CoA, or retinol and [1-14C]palmitoyl-CoA, radioactive retinyl palmitate was formed as identified by alumina column chromatography and reverse-phase high-pressure liquid chromatography. Heating the microsomes for 30 min at 60 degrees C resulted in loss of activity. The esterification was negligible without exogenous acyl-CoA and markedly stimulated by palmitoyl-, oleoyl-, and stearoyl-CoA in concentrations up to 20 microM. The acyl-CoA was successfully replaced by an acyl-CoA generating system, but not by unactivated palmitate (2.5-200 microM). The assay was dependent on the presence of albumin with optimum activity at 2-10 mg/ml. The optimal retinol concentration was 20-30 microM and pH approximately 7. 4. The esterifying activity was completely inhibited by 8 mM of taurocholate and to 90% by 1 mM of 5,5'-dithiobis(2-nitrobenzoic acid). Activity was found throughout the small intestine. In jejunum the rate of retinol esterification was: 3.44 +/- 2.24 nmol [3H]retinyl ester formed . mg microsomal protein-1 . min-1 (mean +/- SD, n = 12). The corresponding activity in whole homogenates of biopsies were 1.17 +/- 0.28 (n = 8). It is concluded that human small intestine contains a microsomal acyl-CoA:retinol acyltransferase. Due to its high activity in vitro this enzyme is likely to be responsible for the intestinal esterification of retinol.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities