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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

A phase I and clinical pharmacology study of intravenously administered carminomycin in cancer patients in the United States.

Carminomycin (CMN) was administered i.v. to 44 patients with a variety of nonhematological cancers every 4 weeks at doses of 15, 20, 22.5, and 25 mg/sq m. Granulocytopenia was the dose-limiting toxicity. The median granulocyte count for previously untreated patients receiving 22.5 mg/sq m was 0.962 cells/microliters, and for previously treated patients receiving 20 mg/sq m it was 0.420 cell/microliters. Moderate to severe phlebitis was associated with drug administration in 50% of cases. Nausea, vomiting, and alopecia were mild. Three of nine patients who received a total CMN dose of greater than or equal to 100 mg/sq m (mean, 132 mg/sq m) developed unexplained decreases in radionuclide cardiac ejection fraction, with one patient developing decreased QRS amplitude and congestive heart failure at a total dose of 160 mg/sq m. CMN is rapidly metabolized to carminomycinol. The elimination half-lives of CMN and carminomycinol are 6 to 10 and 50 hr, respectively. CMN was found to be a more potent inhibitor of human granulocyte-macrophage colony-forming units than was carminomycinol. Objective partial responses were seen in two of seven previously untreated patients with non-small cell lung cancer and one of three patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck previously untreated with chemotherapy.[1]

References

  1. A phase I and clinical pharmacology study of intravenously administered carminomycin in cancer patients in the United States. Comis, R.L., Issell, B.F., Pittman, K., Ginsberg, S.J., Rudolph, A., Aust, J.C., DiFino, S.M., Tinsley, R.W., Poiesz, B.J., Crooke, S.T. Cancer Res. (1982) [Pubmed]
 
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