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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Effect of scyliorhinin I and synthetic scyliorhinin I derivatives at mammalian tachykinin NK1, NK2 and NK3 receptors.

The dogfish tachykinin peptide scyliorhinin I and a number of its analogues substituted in position 7 were tested in bioassays for tachykinin NK1, NK2 and NK3 receptors. Scyliorhinin I behaved as a full agonist at tachykinin NK1 receptors of the guinea-pig ileum longitudinal muscle and at NK2 receptors of the rabbit pulmonary artery and hamster trachea. In these three preparations scyliorhinin I was as potent agonist as substance P methylester and neurokinin A, respectively. Evidence for activation of tachykinin NK1 and NK2 receptors by scyliorhinin I was obtained by using the selective tachykinin antagonists FK 888, MEN 10,376 and L 659,877. Scyliorhinin I was poorly active as an agonist at NK3 receptors of the rat portal vein. Among scyliorhinin I analogues, [beta-(2-naphthyl)-Ala7]scyliorhinin I, [Val7]scyliorhinin I and [Ile7]scyliorhinin I were 3-25 times weaker than scyliorhinin I itself at NK1 and NK2 receptors. [Phe7]scyliorhinin I, [Phe(F)7]scyliorhinin I and [Phe(Cl)7]scyliorhinin I were as potent as scyliorhinin I at NK1 receptors in the guinea-pig ileum, while they showed 10-30 times lower affinity than scyliorhinin I for NK2 receptors. The present results are discussed in relation to the importance of position 7 in determining the potency and selectivity of scyliorhinin I analogues at tachykinin receptors.[1]


  1. Effect of scyliorhinin I and synthetic scyliorhinin I derivatives at mammalian tachykinin NK1, NK2 and NK3 receptors. Patacchini, R., Quartara, L., Rolka, K., Zboinska, J., Kupryszewski, G., Maggi, C.A. Eur. J. Pharmacol. (1993) [Pubmed]
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