The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Autoimmunity and filariasis. Autoantibodies against cytoplasmic cellular proteins in sera of patients with onchocerciasis.

Onchocerciasis or "river blindness" is a vector-borne tropical disease resulting from infection with the filarial nematode Onchocerca volvulus. Disease manifestations include dermatitis, rheumatic complaints, and blindness. Recent findings have suggested an autoimmune etiology for the occurrence of chorioretinopathy, a disease of the eye which together with sclerosing keratoconjunctivitis is responsible for approximately 400,000 onchocerciasis-related cases of blindness. The identification of onchocerciasis as an important cause of tropical rheumatism prompted us to evaluate serologically the presence of systemic autoimmune disease in onchocerciasis patients and local controls from a hyperendemic area in Sierra Leone. In both groups there was a marked autoimmune response against cytoplasmic non-RNA-associated proteins consisting of autoantibodies against five major Ag with respective m.w. of 35, 51, 64, 83, and 110 kDa. These five proteins are novel autoantigens that could be distinguished from calreticulin, the human homologue of the onchocercal Ag RAL-1, and known autoantigens such as the 50-kDa La/SS-B or 52- and 60-kDa Ro/SS-A proteins by immunoblotting and ELISA assays. Furthermore, autoantibody reactivity against calreticulin was significantly higher in O. volvulus-infected individuals than in endemic controls. Autoantibody reactivity against the five major autoantigens, anti-calreticulin reactivity, and antibody reactivity against the 65-kDa arthritis-associated mycobacterial heat shock protein were intercorrelated as parts of an onchocerciasis-associated autoimmune response. The implication of autoimmunity in the disease pathogenesis of onchocerciasis could have important consequences for future research on therapeutical regimens, pathogenetic mechanisms, and serological diagnosis of onchocerciasis.[1]


  1. Autoimmunity and filariasis. Autoantibodies against cytoplasmic cellular proteins in sera of patients with onchocerciasis. Meilof, J.F., Van der Lelij, A., Rokeach, L.A., Hoch, S.O., Smeenk, R.J. J. Immunol. (1993) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities