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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

A renal vasodilator effect of angiotensin II revealed by dual thromboxane inhibition.

Angiotensin II (AII) stimulates arachidonate release from renal endothelial and other cells. Arachidonate is then metabolized by cyclooxygenase to prostaglandin (PG) H2, then PGI2 and thromboxane A2 (TXA2). PGH2 and TXA2 activate the same receptor and should augment AII-mediated vasoconstriction, whereas PGI2 is a vasodilator. We had previously shown that inhibiting TXA2 synthesis with furegrelate (FRG) redirects PGH2 metabolism toward PGI2, causing renal vasodilation. Because TXA2 synthesis inhibition may be incomplete and unmetabolized PGH2 may cause vasoconstriction, we reasoned that adding a PGH2/TXA2 receptor antagonist (BMS 180,290, formerly SQ 29548 (SQ)) to furegrelate should cause further renal vasodilation in the presence of AII. Eight groups of 10 Sprague-Dawley rats received 120-min intravenous infusions of vehicle, FRG (2 plus 2, SQ (2 plus 2, FRG plus SQ, AII (10, AII plus FRG, AII plus SQ, or AII plus FRG plus SQ. Mean arterial pressure (MAP), p-[14C]aminohippurate clearance (CPAH), and [3H]insulin clearance were averaged for each rat for the final 90 min in three clearance periods. MAP did not change with any treatment. Estimating renal vascular resistance as MAP/CPAH confirmed a renal vasoconstrictor effect of this dose of AII: 58.1 +/- 6.3 vs. 47.3 +/- 6.8 (arbitrary units) with the vehicle (p < 0.05). FRG, SQ, or their combination did not affect renal vascular resistance, but adding FRG or SQ to AII prevented AII-mediated renal vasoconstriction. Adding both to AII caused net renal vasodilation to 24.8 +/- 2.6 (p < 0.05 vs. vehicle). Inulin clearance changed in the same direction in all groups, but the changes were less marked. We conclude that stimulation of renal arachidonate release by AII combined with TXA2 synthesis inhibition and receptor antagonism results in vasodilation. This renal effect could be due to increased and unopposed renal vasodilator PG (principally PGI2) action.[1]


  1. A renal vasodilator effect of angiotensin II revealed by dual thromboxane inhibition. Badahman, A.H., Wilson, T.W. Can. J. Physiol. Pharmacol. (1994) [Pubmed]
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