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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Lipolysis in burned patients is stimulated by the beta 2-receptor for catecholamines.

OBJECTIVE: To determine if the cardiovascular effects of excessive catecholamines could be selectively blocked in severely burned patients without adversely affecting protein or fat kinetics. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: A large tertiary care referral center in Galveston, Tex. PATIENTS: Sixteen patients with greater than 40% body surface area burns. INTERVENTIONS: Patients were randomly selected to receive propranolol hydrochloride, a nonselective beta 1- and beta 2-blocker, or metoprolol tartrate, a selective beta 1-blocker. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Heart rate; rate-pressure product; rate of appearance of urea, glucose, and leucine; and leucine oxidation were measured before and after selective or nonselective beta-adrenergic blockade. RESULTS: Propranolol and metoprolol caused a significant decrease in heart rate, from a mean (+/- SD) of 143 +/- 15 to 115 +/- 11 and from 147 +/- 17 to 120 +/- 9 beats per minute, respectively, during the 5-day study period. Neither the rate of appearance of urea nor the rate of urea production were significantly altered by propranolol or metoprolol therapy. Only propranolol produced a significant decrease (P < .05) in the rate of appearance of glycerol, from a mean (+/- SD) of 5.54 +/- 0.62 to 3.07 +/- 0.7 mumol/kg per minute. The rate of appearance of leucine, used as an index of total body protein catabolism, was not significantly altered by either beta-blocker. CONCLUSIONS: Selective beta 1-adrenergic blockade did not reduce lipolysis; however, a beta 1- and beta 2-adrenergic blockade significantly reduced lipolysis. Thus, the increased lipolysis, characteristic of severely burned patients, is caused by stimulation of the beta 2-adrenergic receptors for catecholamines.[1]

References

  1. Lipolysis in burned patients is stimulated by the beta 2-receptor for catecholamines. Herndon, D.N., Nguyen, T.T., Wolfe, R.R., Maggi, S.P., Biolo, G., Muller, M., Barrow, R.E. Archives of surgery (Chicago, Ill. : 1960) (1994) [Pubmed]
 
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