The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

HIV-1 infection induces functional alterations in human liver endothelial cells in primary culture.

OBJECTIVES: Since human liver endothelial cells allow HIV-1 multiplication in vitro, we investigated whether HIV induced functional alterations in these cells in primary culture. DESIGN: Direct evidence of the replication of HIV in endothelial cells is sparse, but clotting abnormalities and thrombi, which suggest the existence of an endothelial dysfunction, have been observed in HIV-infected patients. We therefore studied the storage and release of endothelial-specific factors in primary cultures of liver endothelial cells infected with HIV, as well as their cytoskeleton, pinocytic and phagocytic properties. METHODS: Intracellular storage of von Willebrand's factor ( vWF) was determined by immunofluorescence and computer image analysis. Excretion of vWF, protein S and endothelin-1 was measured using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and radioimmunoassay. Cytoskeletal constituents were studied by light microscopy. The pinocytosis of acetylated low-density lipoproteins and the phagocytosis of latex beads were analysed under light and electron microscopy. RESULTS: The synthesis of vWF is markedly decreased in HIV-infected liver endothelial cells, as is the excretion of endothelin-1. In contrast, the excretion of protein S remains unaffected and the cytoskeletal network appears to be unaltered. Pinocytosis and phagocytosis are preserved. CONCLUSIONS: HIV infection triggers non-lethal functional alterations in cultured human liver sinusoidal endothelial cells, with a selective impairment in the storage and/or the excretion of endothelial-specific factors such as vWF. This functional modulation could play a role in the pathophysiology of HIV-induced disease.[1]


  1. HIV-1 infection induces functional alterations in human liver endothelial cells in primary culture. Lafon, M.E., Steffan, A.M., Royer, C., Jaeck, D., Beretz, A., Kirn, A., Gendrault, J.L. AIDS (1994) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities