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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Insertional mutations in the yeast HOP1 gene: evidence for multimeric assembly in meiosis.

The HOP1 gene of Saccharomyces cerevisiae has been shown to play an important role in meiotic synapsis. In this study we analyzed the mechanism of this function by phenotypic characterization of novel in-frame linker-insertion mutations located at various sites throughout the HOP1 coding sequence. Among 12 mutations found to cause defects in meiotic recombination and spore viability, three were temperature-sensitive for the spore viability defect. Although substantial meiotic recombination was found for these conditional alleles at the restrictive temperature, the level of exchange measured in spo13 meiosis was reduced in some of the monitored intervals, indicating that nondisjunction resulting from a deficit in crossing over could account for SPO13 spore inviability. Intragenic complementation between linker-insertion alleles was assessed by testing the viability of spores generated from heteroallelic diploids after SPO13 meiosis. Complex patterns of complementation and enhancement of the spore-inviability phenotype indicate that HOP1 functions in a multimeric complex. In addition, the ability of alleles which map near the carboxyl terminus to complement several other alleles provides evidence for a functional domain in this region of the protein. Two previously identified multicopy suppressors of the conditional hop1-628ts allele were tested for their effects in cells bearing the linker-insertion hop1 alleles. Overexpression of REC104 from a 2 mu plasmid was shown to enhance the spore viability of every allele tested, including a hop1 disruption allele. On the other hand, suppression by overexpression of RED1 from a 2 mu plasmid was found only for allele hop1-628ts. Surprisingly, similar overexpression of RED1 in strains bearing several other conditional hop1 linker-insertion alleles caused enhanced spore lethality. This finding, in conjunction with the evidence for a carboxy-terminal domain, provides new insight into the nature of interactions between the HOP1 and RED1 products in meiosis.[1]


  1. Insertional mutations in the yeast HOP1 gene: evidence for multimeric assembly in meiosis. Friedman, D.B., Hollingsworth, N.M., Byers, B. Genetics (1994) [Pubmed]
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