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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Endotoxin-induced adhesion of red blood cells to pulmonary artery endothelial cells.

Cell-cell interactions are important in intravascular inflammation. Neutrophils and monocytes adhere to the vascular endothelium and release mediators, such as tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), interleukin (IL)-1 beta, and reactive oxygen species. Red blood cells (RBC) from patients with malaria, sickle cell anemia, and diabetes also adhere to endothelial cells. The objectives of this investigation were to develop a bovine system of RBC adhesion to endothelial cells and to begin to investigate the mechanisms involved in the RBC adhesion. We show that 51Cr-RBC adhere to bovine pulmonary artery endothelial cells (BPAEC) after stimulation of both cell types with endotoxin (ETX; 50 micrograms/ml). RBC adhesion to BPAEC depended on the ETX concentration and the presence of divalent cations. TNF-alpha, IL-1 beta, and antioxidants (superoxide dismutase; catalase; and dimethyl sulfoxide) all induced RBC adhesion to BPAEC. Phosphatidylserine, which has been implicated in adhesion of sickle cells and aged RBC to endothelium, reduced RBC adhesion to BPAEC, whether ETX-treated or not. In conclusion, ETX, proinflammatory cytokines and, surprisingly, antioxidants increase RBC adherence to BPAEC monolayers. RBC adhesion to endothelium is decreased by phosphatidylserine.[1]


  1. Endotoxin-induced adhesion of red blood cells to pulmonary artery endothelial cells. Tissot Van Patot, M.C., MacKenzie, S., Tucker, A., Voelkel, N.F. Am. J. Physiol. (1996) [Pubmed]
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