The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Cardiovascular and sympathoadrenal responses to heat stress following water deprivation in rats.

This study was designed to characterize the regional and systemic hemodynamic and sympathoadrenal responses to heating after 24 and 48 h of water deprivation in chloralose-anesthetized, male Sprague-Dawley rats (n = 7 per group). Water deprivation produced significant decreases in body weight of 8.1 and 13.7% in the 24- and 48-h groups (P < 0.05), respectively. After water deprivation, rats were exposed to an ambient temperature of 43 degrees C. After correction for body weight differences, heating rates were faster in the 48-h group compared with both euhydrated and 24-h groups. Mean arterial blood pressure (MAP), heart rate, and colonic (Tco) and tail (Ttail) temperatures increased above baseline in all groups during heating. Renal and mesenteric artery blood flow velocities decreased, and vascular resistances increased in response to heating. Compared with euhydrated controls, 48-h water-deprived rats exhibited attenuated pressor (delta MAP = 36 +/- 3 vs. 18 +/- 3 mmHg) and visceral vasoconstrictor (% delta in mesenteric resistance = 122.6 +/- 27.3 vs. 54.9 +/- 6.9%) responses during heating. Tail-skin blood flow estimated from Ttail was also lower at baseline and the onset of heating in water-deprived rats. However, peak Ttail and Tco values were similar across groups. Plasma catecholamines measured in separate groups of rats (n = 6 per group) were significantly higher at baseline and the end of heating in the 48-h group compared with euhydrated and 24-h groups. Despite this exaggerated sympathoadrenal response, the 48-h group exhibited attenuated hemodynamic responses to nonexertional heating compared with euhydrated and 24-h water-deprived rats. These data suggest that cardiovascular and thermoregulatory adjustments can compensate for small changes in hydration state (i.e., 24 h), but more severe levels of hypohydration significantly alter blood pressure and body temperature regulation during heat stress.[1]


  1. Cardiovascular and sympathoadrenal responses to heat stress following water deprivation in rats. Massett, M.P., Johnson, D.G., Kregel, K.C. Am. J. Physiol. (1996) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities