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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Effects of age on endometrial carcinogenesis induced by concurrent oral administration of ethylenethiourea and sodium nitrite in mice.

Aging effects on the susceptibility to chemical endometrial carcinogenesis were investigated in ICR female mice. The animals were divided into 3 groups of different ages: 1 month (young), 6 months (middle), and 12 months (old) at initiation of treatment. They received weekly oral administration of mixture of ETU (100 mg/kg body weight) and sodium nitrite (70 mg/kg body weight) for 6 months followed by a withdrawal period of 3 months. All animals were subjected to histopathology. The incidence of endometrial adenocarcinomas was highest in the middle age group (8/20), secondary in the old age group (4/20), and lowest in the young group (1/20). The incidence of atypical glandular hyperplasia, a precursor lesion of the tumor, was also higher in the middle age group. The endometrial adenocarcinomas showed morphological similarities among all age groups and the nuclei of tumor cells lost almost all staining reactivity to estrogen receptors. The labeling indices with bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) were notably higher in the old age group than in the young and middle age groups. A further investigation on the aging process of female genital organs in control mice revealed that their senility seemed to be preceded by the formation of ovarian cysts which first appeared at 6 months of age with a concomitant elevation of plasma 17 beta-estradiol level. These results indicate that the susceptibility of the mouse endometrium to the carcinogenic effects of N-nitroso ETU could be closely linked with the stage of aging process of the genital organs and it appears to be most susceptible when initiated at around 6 months of age. However, the mitotic activity of neoplastic endometrial glandular cells seems to be higher in older mice than younger ones.[1]


  1. Effects of age on endometrial carcinogenesis induced by concurrent oral administration of ethylenethiourea and sodium nitrite in mice. Yoshida, A., Harada, T., Kitazawa, T., Yoshida, T., Kinoshita, M., Maita, K. Experimental and toxicologic pathology : official journal of the Gesellschaft für Toxikologische Pathologie. (1996) [Pubmed]
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