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MeSH Review

Genitalia, Female

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Disease relevance of Genitalia, Female


Psychiatry related information on Genitalia, Female

  • Studies of 29 children revealed that despite the absence of the typical postnatal and pubertal androgen surges and the presence of female genitalia, all female-assigned subjects displayed a marked male-typical shift in psychosocial and psychosexual development [3].

High impact information on Genitalia, Female


Biological context of Genitalia, Female

  • Complete masculinisation of the external genitalia (type V of Prader classification) is reported in two siblings with normal internal female genitalia, normal ovaries and a 46,XX chromosome constitution in different cell lines without any detectable source of exposure to androgen during pregnancy [9].

Anatomical context of Genitalia, Female


Associations of Genitalia, Female with chemical compounds


Gene context of Genitalia, Female


Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Genitalia, Female


  1. Mkks-null mice have a phenotype resembling Bardet-Biedl syndrome. Fath, M.A., Mullins, R.F., Searby, C., Nishimura, D.Y., Wei, J., Rahmouni, K., Davis, R.E., Tayeh, M.K., Andrews, M., Yang, B., Sigmund, C.D., Stone, E.M., Sheffield, V.C. Hum. Mol. Genet. (2005) [Pubmed]
  2. Effects of age on endometrial carcinogenesis induced by concurrent oral administration of ethylenethiourea and sodium nitrite in mice. Yoshida, A., Harada, T., Kitazawa, T., Yoshida, T., Kinoshita, M., Maita, K. Experimental and toxicologic pathology : official journal of the Gesellschaft für Toxikologische Pathologie. (1996) [Pubmed]
  3. Psychosexual development in genetic males assigned female: the cloacal exstrophy experience. Reiner, W.G. Child and adolescent psychiatric clinics of North America. (2004) [Pubmed]
  4. Sex determination genes control the development of the Drosophila genital disc, modulating the response to Hedgehog, Wingless and Decapentaplegic signals. Sánchez, L., Gorfinkiel, N., Guerrero, I. Development (2001) [Pubmed]
  5. Penetration of oral fluconazole into gynecological tissues. Mikamo, H., Kawazoe, K., Sato, Y., Izumi, K., Ito, T., Ito, K., Tamaya, T. Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. (1999) [Pubmed]
  6. Xp-duplications with and without sex reversal. Baumstark, A., Barbi, G., Djalali, M., Geerkens, C., Mitulla, B., Mattfeldt, T., de Almeida, J.C., Vargas, F.R., Llerena Júnior, J.C., Vogel, W., Just, W. Hum. Genet. (1996) [Pubmed]
  7. Expression of E-cadherin in normal, benign, and malignant tissues of female genital organs. Inoue, M., Ogawa, H., Miyata, M., Shiozaki, H., Tanizawa, O. Am. J. Clin. Pathol. (1992) [Pubmed]
  8. Keratin, a dual role in herpes simplex virus pathogenesis. Friedman, H.M. J. Clin. Virol. (2006) [Pubmed]
  9. Female pseudohermaphroditism with complete masculinisation of the external genitalia in two siblings. A new entity? Fryns, J.P., Kleczkowska, A., Vandenberghe, K., Haspeslagh, M., Van den Berghe, H. Eur. J. Pediatr. (1984) [Pubmed]
  10. Distribution of somatostatin- and neuropeptide Y-immunoreactive nerve fibers in the porcine female reproductive system. Häppölä, O., Lakomy, M., Majewski, M., Yanaihara, N. Neurosci. Lett. (1991) [Pubmed]
  11. Determination of fenoverine, a modulator of smooth muscle motility, in capsules and in human plasma: application to dosage form stability and a pilot study in humans. Hu, O.Y., Chen, P.H., Fang, Y.J., Tang, H.S., Pao, L.H., Kwok, K.M., King, M.L. Journal of pharmaceutical sciences. (1992) [Pubmed]
  12. Feminizing genitoplasty: state of the art. Rink, R.C., Adams, M.C. World journal of urology. (1998) [Pubmed]
  13. Histological distribution of MTV antigen in mice detected by immuno-peroxidase staining. Tsubura, Y., Imai, S., Morimoto, J., Tsubura, A. Acta Pathol. Jpn. (1986) [Pubmed]
  14. Antibodies to neurofilament protein and other brain proteins reveal the innervation of peripheral organs. Hacker, G.W., Polak, J.M., Springall, D.R., Ballesta, J., Cadieux, A., Gu, J., Trojanowski, J.Q., Dahl, D., Marangos, P.J. Histochemistry (1985) [Pubmed]
  15. The distribution and co-localization of immunoreactivity to nitric oxide synthase, vasoactive intestinal polypeptide and substance P within nerve fibres supplying bovine and porcine female genital organs. Majewski, M., Sienkiewicz, W., Kaleczyc, J., Mayer, B., Czaja, K., Lakomy, M. Cell Tissue Res. (1995) [Pubmed]
  16. Testicular feminization syndrome in a mare. Crabbe, B.G., Freeman, D.A., Grant, B.D., Kennedy, P., Whitlatch, L., MacRae, K. J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc. (1992) [Pubmed]
  17. Peptide-immunoreactive nerves in the mammalian female genital tract. Huang, W.M., Gu, J., Blank, M.A., Allen, J.M., Bloom, S.R., Polak, J.M. Histochem. J. (1984) [Pubmed]
  18. Ultrastructural effect of sildenafil citrate on corpus cavernosum and other genital organs in female rats. Kilinç, K., Gündüz, M.I., Gümüs, B.H., Vatansever, S., Kaymaz, F. Asian J. Androl. (2003) [Pubmed]
  19. Update on the prenatal diagnosis and treatment of congenital adrenal hyperplasia due to 11beta-hydroxylase deficiency. Motaghedi, R., Betensky, B.P., Slowinska, B., Cerame, B., Cabrer, M., New, M.I., Wilson, R.C. Journal of pediatric endocrinology & metabolism : JPEM. (2005) [Pubmed]
  20. The KiSS-1 receptor GPR54 is essential for the development of the murine reproductive system. Funes, S., Hedrick, J.A., Vassileva, G., Markowitz, L., Abbondanzo, S., Golovko, A., Yang, S., Monsma, F.J., Gustafson, E.L. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. (2003) [Pubmed]
  21. Expression of RCAS1 in female genital organs. Kawano, Y., Kaku, T., Sonoda, K., Hirakawa, T., Kobayashi, H., Ohishi, Y., Nakano, H. Int. J. Gynecol. Pathol. (2005) [Pubmed]
  22. An active ring X and haploinsufficiency of SHOX contribute to short stature, congenital anomalies, and developmental delay in a female. Shago, M., Sgro, M., Barozzino, T., Antinucci, D., Chakraborty, P., Chitayat, D., Teshima, I. Am. J. Med. Genet. (2002) [Pubmed]
  23. Inborn errors of adrenal steroidogenesis. New, M.I. Mol. Cell. Endocrinol. (2003) [Pubmed]
  24. Congenital lipoid adrenal hyperplasia--genes for P450scc, side chain cleavage enzyme, are normal. Saenger, P., Lin, D., Gitelman, S.E., Miller, W.L. J. Steroid Biochem. Mol. Biol. (1993) [Pubmed]
  25. Vasoactive intestinal polypeptide nerves in the human female genital tract. Alm, P., Alumets, J., Håkanson, R., Helm, G., Owman, C., Sjöberg, N.O., Sundler, F. Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol. (1980) [Pubmed]
  26. Physical examination. Part 15. Female genitalia. Brown, M.S., Alexander, M.M. Nursing. (1976) [Pubmed]
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