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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

2-aminophenol 1,6-dioxygenase: a novel aromatic ring cleavage enzyme purified from Pseudomonas pseudoalcaligenes JS45.

Most bacterial pathways for the degradation of aromatic compounds involve introduction of two hydroxyl groups either ortho or para to each other. Ring fission then occurs at the bond adjacent to one of the hydroxyl groups. In contrast, 2-aminophenol is cleaved to 2-aminomuconic acid semialdehyde in the nitrobenzene-degrading strain Pseudomonas pseudoalcaligenes JS45. To examine the relationship between this enzyme and other dioxygenases, 2-aminophenol 1,6-dioxygenase has been purified by ethanol precipitation, gel filtration, and ion exchange chromatography. The molecular mass determined by gel filtration was 140,000 Da. Sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis showed two subunits of 35,000 and 39,000 Da, which suggested an alpha2beta2 subunit structure. Studies with inhibitors indicated that ferrous iron was the sole cofactor. The Km values for 2-aminophenol and oxygen were 4.2 and 710 microM, respectively. The enzyme catalyzed the oxidation of catechol, 6-amino-m-cresol, 2-amino-m-cresol, and 2-amino-4-chlorophenol. 3-Hydroxyanthranilate, protocatechuate, gentisate, and 3- and 4-methylcatechol were not substrates. The substrate range and the subunit structure are unique among those of the known ring cleavage dioxygenases.[1]


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