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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Modulation of cyclin transcript levels in cultured cells of Arabidopsis thaliana.

Previous studies on the cell cycle of Arabidopsis thaliana have been hindered by the lack of synchronous cell culture systems. We have used liquid callus cultures and a cycloheximide-synchronized suspension culture of Arabidopsis to investigate changes in cyclin transcript levels in response to exogenous auxin, cytokinin, and nutrients, and during the cell cycle. CYCD1 (delta 1) transcript was virtually undetectable in liquid-cultured callus or suspension-culture cells. CYCD2 (delta 2) transcript levels were largely unaffected by the readdition of phytohormones or nitrate to the growth medium, and remained constant throughout the cell cycle in suspension-culture cells. CYCD3 (delta 3) transcript levels were strongly dependent on nitrate, and were induced at the G1/S transition following phytohormone readdition. In synchronized suspension-culture cells, CYCD3 transcript accumulated during the S phase, and remained constant thereafter. These results support the hypothesis that D cyclins function as part of the cellular machinery that integrates diverse signals impinging upon commitment to cell division. In synchronized cells transcripts of the mitotic cyclins CYC1, CYC2, and CYC3 reached a maximum with peak mitotic index, but CYC3 transcript levels increased earlier than those of CYC1 or CYC2. The kinetics of accumulation of CYC transcript levels support their classification as A-type (CYC3) and B-type (CYC1 and CYC2) cyclins, respectively.[1]


  1. Modulation of cyclin transcript levels in cultured cells of Arabidopsis thaliana. Fuerst, R.A., Soni, R., Murray, J.A., Lindsey, K. Plant Physiol. (1996) [Pubmed]
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