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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Polyamines and their biosynthetic enzymes in Ehrlich ascites-carcinoma cells. Modification of tumour polyamine pattern by diamines.

1. Ehrlich ascites-carcinoma cells contained relatively high concentrations of spermidine and spermine, but the putrescine content of the washed cells was less than 10% of that of higher polyamines. 2. Ascites-tumour cells likewise exhibited high activities of L-ornithine decarboxylase (EC, S-adenosyl-L-methionine decarboxylase (EC, spermidine synthase (EC and spermine synthase. 3. During the first days after the inoculation, the polyamine pattern of the ascites cells was characterized by a high molar ratio of spermidine to spermine, which markedly decreased on aging of the cells. 4. Various diamines injected into mice bearing ascites cells rapidly and powerfully decreased ornithine decarboxylase activity in the carcinoma cells, apparently through a mechanism that was not a direct inhibition of the enzyme in vitro. Cadaverine (1,5-diaminopentane) and 1,6-diaminohexane were the most potent inhibitors of ornithine decarboxylase among the amines tested. 5. Chronic treatment of the mice with diamines resulted in a virtually complete disappearance of ornithine decarboxylase activity, and after 24h a significant decline in spermidine accumulation. 6. Cadaverine appeared to be an especially suitable compound for use as an inhibitor of the synthesis of higher polyamines, at least in Ehrlich ascites cells, since this diamine also acted as a competitive inhibitor for putrescine in the spermidine synthase reaction without being incorporated into the higher polyamines.[1]


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