The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Cytohesin-1, a cytosolic guanine nucleotide-exchange protein for ADP-ribosylation factor.

Cytohesin-1, a protein abundant in cells of the immune system, has been proposed to be a human homolog of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae Sec7 gene product, which is crucial in protein transport. More recently, the same protein has been reported to be a regulatory factor for the alphaLbeta2 integrin in lymphocytes. Overexpression of human or yeast ADP-ribosylation factor ( ARF) genes rescues yeast with Sec7 defects, restoring secretory pathway function. ARFs, 20-kDa guanine nucleotide-binding proteins initially identified by their ability to stimulate cholera toxin ADP-ribosyltransferase activity and now recognized as critical components in intracellular vesicular transport, exist in an inactive cytosolic form with GDP bound (ARF-GDP). Interaction with a guanine nucleotide-exchange protein (GEP) accelerates exchange of GDP for GTP, producing the active ARF-GTP. Both soluble and particulate GEPs have been described. To define better the interaction between ARF and Sec7-related proteins, effects of cytohesin-1, synthesized in Escherichia coli, on ARF activity were evaluated. Cytohesin-1 enhanced binding of 35S- labeled guanosine 5'-[gamma-thio]triphosphate [35S]GTP[gammaS] or [3H]GDP to ARF purified from bovine brain (i.e., it appeared to function as an ARF-GEP). Addition of cytohesin-1 to ARF3 with [35S]GTP[gammaS] bound, accelerated [35S]GTP[gammaS] release to a similar degree in the presence of unlabeled GDP or GTP[gammaS] and to a lesser degree with GDP[betaS]; release was negligible without added nucleotide. Cytohesin-1 also increased ARF1 binding to a Golgi fraction, but its effect was not inhibited by brefeldin A (BFA), a drug that reversibly inhibits Golgi function. In this regard, it differs from a recently reported BFA-sensitive ARF-GEP that contains a Sec7 domain.[1]


  1. Cytohesin-1, a cytosolic guanine nucleotide-exchange protein for ADP-ribosylation factor. Meacci, E., Tsai, S.C., Adamik, R., Moss, J., Vaughan, M. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1997) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities