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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

STAT5A-deficient mice demonstrate a defect in granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor-induced proliferation and gene expression.

Responses of cells to cytokines typically involve the activation of a family of latent DNA binding proteins, referred to as signal transducers and activators of transcription (STAT) proteins, which are critical for the expression of early response genes. Of the seven known STAT proteins, STAT5 (originally called mammary gland factor) has been shown to be activated by several cytokines, such as granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF), interleukin-3 (IL-3), and IL-5, which are known to play important roles in growth and differentiation of hematopoietic precursors. In this report we have used mice that are deficient in STAT5A (one of two homologues of STAT5) to study the role of STAT5A in GM-CSF stimulation of cells. When bone marrow-derived macrophages were generated by differentiation with macrophage-CSF (M-CSF), exposure of cells from wild-type mice to GM-CSF resulted in a typical pattern of assembly of DNA binding proteins specific for the gamma activation sequence (GAS) element within the beta-casein promoter. However, in cells from the STAT5A null mouse one of the shifted bands was absent. Immunoblotting analysis in the null mice showed that lack of STAT5A protein resulted in no alteration in activation of STAT5B by tyrosine phosphorylation. Proliferation experiments revealed that, when exposed to increasing concentrations of GM-CSF, cells derived from the null mice grew considerably more slowly than cells derived from the wild-type mice. Moreover, expression of GM-CSF-dependent genes, CIS and A1, was markedly inhibited in cells derived from null mice as compared with those of wild-type mice. The decreased expression observed with A1, a bcl-2 like gene, may account in part for the suppression of growth in cells from the null mice. These data suggest that the presence of STAT5A during the GM-CSF- induced assembly of STAT5 dimers is critical for the formation of competent transcription factors that are required for both gene expression and cell proliferation.[1]


  1. STAT5A-deficient mice demonstrate a defect in granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor-induced proliferation and gene expression. Feldman, G.M., Rosenthal, L.A., Liu, X., Hayes, M.P., Wynshaw-Boris, A., Leonard, W.J., Hennighausen, L., Finbloom, D.S. Blood (1997) [Pubmed]
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