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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

A cellular model for long QT syndrome. Trapping of heteromultimeric complexes consisting of truncated Kv1.1 potassium channel polypeptides and native Kv1.4 and Kv1.5 channels in the endoplasmic reticulum.

We demonstrated that overexpression of a cRNA encoding a truncated potassium channel polypeptide that contains the NH2 terminus and the first transmembrane segment (Kv1.1N206Tag) abolished the expression of Kv1.1 and Kv1.5 outward currents in Xenopus oocytes (Babila, T., Moscucci, A., Wang, H., Weaver, F. E. & Koren, G. (1994) Neuron 12, 615-626). Recently, we showed that expression of Kv1.1N206Tag in the heart of transgenic mice resulted in the creation of mice with prolongation of the surface electrocardiogram's QT interval (London, B., Han, X., Folco, E. & Koren, G. (1996) Biophys. J. 70, A2601). To study the dominant negative mechanism of Kv1.1N206Tag, we overexpressed it in GH3 cells, a pituitary cell line expressing Kv1. 5 and Kv1. 4. RNase protection analysis comparing the steady-state levels of native Kv1.5 and Kv1.1N206Tag transcripts revealed an excess of Kv1.1N206Tag transcript. Immunoprecipitation analysis using 12CA5 monoclonal antibody detected a 25-kDa polypeptide in the transfected cells. The half-life of Kv1.1N206Tag was 2.6 h. Subcellular fractionation of cell lysates labeled with [35S]methionine revealed that Kv1.1N206Tag polypeptide is detectable in the particulate (membranous) fraction, but not in the soluble (cytosol) fraction. A series of double immunoprecipitations with 12CA5 and polyclonal antibodies against Kv1.5 and Kv1.4 revealed that Kv1.1N206Tag forms heteromultimeric complexes with the native Kv1.4 and Kv1.5 polypeptides. The steady-state levels of Kv1.5 were not affected by the overexpression of Kv1.1N206Tag. Immunofluorescence colocalization and confocal microscopy analyses revealed that Kv1.1N206TagFlag did not reach the plasma membrane, and its distribution pattern was characteristic to that of a resident endoplasmic reticulum polypeptide. Our observations establish that the negative effect of Kv1.1N206Tag is mediated by the formation of heteromultimeric complexes with the native channels and by the retention of these complexes in the endoplasmic reticulum.[1]


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