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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Inhibition of inducible nitric oxide synthase expression by interferons alpha and beta in bovine retinal pigmented epithelial cells.

Bovine retinal pigmented epithelial (RPE) cells express an inducible nitric oxide synthase (NOS-2) after activation with interferon (IFN)-gamma and lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Experiments were performed to investigate the effects of IFN-alpha and IFN-beta on NOS-2 activity. These types of interferons did not aid LPS in the production of nitrite, but markedly inhibited in a concentration-dependent manner the nitrite release due to LPS/IFN-gamma. Analysis by Western and Northern blots showed that RPE cells co-stimulated with IFN-alpha or IFN-beta with LPS/IFN-gamma accumulated lower levels of NOS-2 protein and mRNA than in the presence of LPS/IFN-gamma alone. The presence of IFN-alpha or IFN-beta did not accelerate mRNA degradation, implying that these interferons did not affect NOS-2 mRNA stability, but more probably NOS-2 gene expression. Furthermore, IFN-gamma binding studies demonstrated that the inhibitory effect of IFN-alpha and IFN-beta is not caused by a blocking of IFN-gamma receptors. Analysis of NF-kappaB activation by electrophoretic mobility shift assay demonstrated that LPS/IFN-gamma-induced NF-kappaB binding was not changed by the presence of IFN-alpha. However, similar experiments revealed that the activation of interferon regulatory factor-1 (IRF-1) by LPS/IFN-gamma was decreased by IFN-alpha. This phenomenon could be due to the decline of IRF-1 mRNA and the up-regulation of IRF-2 mRNA, an IRF-1 repressor, by IFN-alpha. These results suggest that the inhibitory effect of IFN-alpha and -beta on NOS-2 induction could be partially explained by their effect on the induction of the IRFs, which were involved in NOS-2 gene transcription.[1]


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