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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Autoantibodies against lacrimal gland M3 muscarinic acetylcholine receptors in patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome.

PURPOSE: The authors demonstrated that immunoglobulin G, present in the sera of patients with primary Sjögren syndrome (pSS), could recognize and activate muscarinic acetylcholine receptors (mAChRs) of rat exorbital acrimal gland. METHODS: Sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE), immunoblotting, and radioligand binding and biologic assays were used to demonstrate autoantibodies against mAChRs. RESULTS: These autoantibodies recognized by means of SDS-PAGE and immunoblotting assay a band of approximately 70 kDa expressed on lacrimal gland membranes that comigrated with the peak of labeled mAChRs. Moreover, pSS IgG were able to inhibit, in an irreversible manner, the binding of [3H]quinuclidinyl benzilate to mAChRs of rat exorbital lacrimal glands and to simulate the biologic effect of mAChR agonists, because they trigger the activation of phosphoinositide turnover. Atropine and 4-diphenylacetoxy-N-methylpiperidine methiodide blocked the effect and carbachol mimicked it, confirming that the M3 subtype mAChRs mediated pSS IgG action. As control, IgG from sera of women without pSS gave negative results on immunoblotting, binding, and biologic assays, thus demonstrating the specificity of the reaction. CONCLUSIONS: Autoantibodies against mAChRs may be considered among the serum factors implicated in the pathophysiology of the development of pSS dry eyes.[1]


  1. Autoantibodies against lacrimal gland M3 muscarinic acetylcholine receptors in patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome. Bacman, S., Perez Leiros, C., Sterin-Borda, L., Hubscher, O., Arana, R., Borda, E. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. (1998) [Pubmed]
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