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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Human immunodeficiency virus inhibits multilineage hematopoiesis in vivo.

Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1)-infected individuals often exhibit multiple hematopoietic abnormalities reaching far beyond loss of CD4(+) lymphocytes. We used the SCID-hu (Thy/Liv) mouse (severe combined immunodeficient mouse transplanted with human fetal thymus and liver tissues), which provides an in vivo system whereby human pluripotent hematopoietic progenitor cells can be maintained and undergo T-lymphoid differentiation and wherein HIV-1 infection causes severe depletion of CD4-bearing human thymocytes. Herein we show that HIV-1 infection rapidly and severely decreases the ex vivo recovery of human progenitor cells capable of differentiation into both erythroid and myeloid lineages. However, the total CD34+ cell population is not depleted. Combination antiretroviral therapy administered well after loss of multilineage progenitor activity reverses this inhibitory effect, establishing a causal role of viral replication. Taken together, our results suggest that pluripotent stem cells are not killed by HIV-1; rather, a later stage important in both myeloid and erythroid differentiation is affected. In addition, a primary virus isolated from a patient exhibiting multiple hematopoietic abnormalities preferentially depleted myeloid and erythroid colony-forming activity rather than CD4-bearing thymocytes in this system. Thus, HIV-1 infection perturbs multiple hematopoietic lineages in vivo, which may explain the many hematopoietic defects found in infected patients.[1]


  1. Human immunodeficiency virus inhibits multilineage hematopoiesis in vivo. Koka, P.S., Fraser, J.K., Bryson, Y., Bristol, G.C., Aldrovandi, G.M., Daar, E.S., Zack, J.A. J. Virol. (1998) [Pubmed]
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