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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Cell adhesion molecule Nr-CAM is over-expressed in human brain tumors.

Using the technique of differential display-polymerase chain reaction (DD-PCR), we isolated a cDNA fragment that is over-expressed in glioblastoma multiforme tissue as compared to normal brain tissue. Sequence analysis indicated that this sequence is identical to the previously isolated human neuron-glia-related cell adhesion molecule hNr-CAM. Gene-specific RT-PCR analysis indicated that hNr-CAM is over-expressed in high-grade astrocytomas, gliomas and glioblastoma tumor tissues as compared to normal brain tissue. High levels of hNr-CAM expression also were observed in cell lines derived from astrocytomas, gliomas and glioblastoma multiforme tumors. Low levels of hNr-CAM expression were observed in neuroblastoma, meningiomas, melanoma, normal breast and prostate tumor tissues. Northern blot analysis showed an alternatively spliced mRNA of 1.4 kb in several tumors as compared to the 7.5 kb transcript found in normal brain tissue. Genomic Southern blot analysis of DNA from 3 brain tumor cell lines showed that over-expression of hNr-CAM in brain tumors was not due to gene amplification. In situ hybridization analysis indicated that 11 of the 20 human brain tumor samples studied showed hNr-CAM over-expression. Our results suggest that hNr-CAM is over-expressed in malignant brain tumors and can serve as a novel marker for brain tumor detection and perhaps therapy.[1]


  1. Cell adhesion molecule Nr-CAM is over-expressed in human brain tumors. Sehgal, A., Boynton, A.L., Young, R.F., Vermeulen, S.S., Yonemura, K.S., Kohler, E.P., Aldape, H.C., Simrell, C.R., Murphy, G.P. Int. J. Cancer (1998) [Pubmed]
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