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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 

Docetaxel and cisplatin in metastatic urothelial cancer: a phase II study.

PURPOSE: Docetaxel and cisplatin has documented single-agent activity and different toxicity profiles in patients with metastatic urothelial cancer. We performed a phase II study in which docetaxel was combined with cisplatin to evaluate response rate, toxicity, and survival. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eligibility criteria included performance status (World Health Organization [WHO]) less than 3; normal bone marrow, liver, and renal function; and no concurrent malignancy or symptomatic peripheral neuropathy. Docetaxel (Taxotere; Rhône-Poulenc Rorer, Paris, France) 75 mg/m2 was combined with cisplatin 75 mg/m2 every third week. Patients received premedication with prednisolone and clemastine. RESULTS: A total of 25 patients were assessable for response and toxicity. Median age was 64 years; five patients had locoregional disease only and 20 had metastatic disease. Response was achieved in 15 patients (60%; 95% confidence interval [CI], 39% to 79%), including seven patients (26%) who achieved a complete response. Overall median survival time was 13.6 months (range, 1.5 to 26.4+). The most frequent toxicity was nausea and vomiting (80% of patients). Neutropenia grade 3 or 4 was observed in 56% of patients, but only one had febrile neutropenia. Mucositis and diarrhea were encountered in 13% of cycles, mostly grade 1 or 2. Peripheral neuropathy and skin changes grade 1 and 2 were observed in 76% and 36%, respectively. Fluid retention and hypersensitivity reactions were infrequent and mild. CONCLUSION: The combination of docetaxel and cisplatin is effective and feasible in patients with metastatic urothelial cancer with a manageable safety profile.[1]

References

  1. Docetaxel and cisplatin in metastatic urothelial cancer: a phase II study. Sengeløv, L., Kamby, C., Lund, B., Engelholm, S.A. J. Clin. Oncol. (1998) [Pubmed]
 
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