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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Histamine receptor-independent muscle relaxation elicited by a series of histamine H2-receptor agonists on the isolated guinea pig duodenum: a study into the mechanism of action.

1. The histamine H2 receptor agonists, dimaprit, impromidine, amthamine, and several dimaprit- and impromidine-analogues were investigated for their spasmolytic activity on the guinea pig duodenum, precontracted with acetylcholine or KCl. 2. Almost all the H2 receptor agonists exerted a histamine H2 receptor-independent muscle relaxation, which was more evident on acetylcholine- than on KCl-precontracted preparations. 3. The relaxing activity of these compounds was independent of inhibitory receptors, like beta-adrenergic, GABA-ergic, serotoninergic, etc. Similarly, modifications of cyclic nucleotide metabolism and nitric oxide production did not appear to be involved. 4. The behavior of histamine H2-receptor agonists was shared only by the Na+-blocker procaine, the intracellular Ca2+-antagonist ruthenium red and, at least in terms of efficacy, by the protein kinase C inhibitor, chelerithrine. 5. This spasmolytic effect is probably due to an impairment of receptor-mediated depolarization at the plasma membrane level and/or an inhibitory activity on the protein kinase C-dependent activation of the contractile machinery. 6. Finally, our findings suggest that the histamine H2 receptor-independent muscle relaxation is a general feature shown by H2 receptor agonists endowed with different chemical structure and the putative spasmolytic "receptor" prefers a (substituted) thiazole over a (substituted) imidazole.[1]


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