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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

beta-Adrenergic regulation of lipolysis and blood flow in human skeletal muscle in vivo.

Little is known about the regulation of catecholamine-stimulated lipolysis in human skeletal muscle. Therefore, beta-adrenergic regulation of lipolysis and blood flow was investigated in healthy subjects in vivo by use of microdialysis of the gastrocnemius muscle. First, during a hypoglycemic, hyperinsulinemic clamp, which induces a lipolytic response in skeletal muscle tissue, the muscle was locally perfused with beta-adrenoceptor blocking agents. Perfusion with nonselective (propranolol) and beta2-selective (ICI-118551) blocking agents counteracted the hypoglycemia-induced lipolysis (P < 0.01), but perfusion with metoprolol (beta1-blocker) did not affect the glycerol response. Second, selective beta-adrenoceptor agonists were perfused in situ into skeletal muscle during resting conditions. beta2-Adrenoceptor stimulation with terbutaline induced a concentration-dependent increase in skeletal muscle glycerol levels and in tissue blood flow, whereas perfusion with beta1- or beta3-adrenoceptor agonists (dobutamine or CGP-12177) did not influence the glycerol concentration or blood flow. In conclusion, in skeletal muscle tissue, only the beta2-subtype is of importance among beta-adrenoceptors for regulation of lipolysis and blood flow. This is in contrast to adipose tissue, where beta1- and beta3-adrenoceptors are also involved.[1]


  1. beta-Adrenergic regulation of lipolysis and blood flow in human skeletal muscle in vivo. Hagström-Toft, E., Enoksson, S., Moberg, E., Bolinder, J., Arner, P. Am. J. Physiol. (1998) [Pubmed]
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